Folk Song, is defined as music passed down among the generations that doesn't necessarily have a specific author that it is attributed to. The Bicol folk songs are the music that is shared by Bikolano people in their culture. Bicol folk songs are fairly well-known amongst enthusiasts for their unique aspects of composition and meaning.
The folk songs are often made from impromptu verses and improvised melodies, and follow a common rhyme scheme with a regular set of rhyming patterns. Strongly tied into the Bicolano culture, the songs are classified into one of a variety of groups depending on their lyrics and meaning:
- Kundimans (love songs)
- Kulintangs (songs of disenchantment)
- Sinalampati (wedding songs)
- Panayoknok (lullabies)
- Panambitan or Tagulaylay (funeral songs or eulogies)
- Kulang-Kulang (any long ballad, epic, or religious chant)
- Horasa (commemoration of catastrophic event)
- Abyahi (happy song)
- Angoy (sad song)
- Kunigrat (triumphant song)
Composition of Bicol Folk Song
Bicol folk songs can be quite the feat, especially those that are indeed composed and improvised on the spot:
- It's a classic form of entertainment to watch a skilled folk songster come up with one of these ballads in the midst of a public performance, and this has been a traditional method of celebration among the culture for generations.
- The songs are also well known for their sense of humor, which can sometimes border on vulgar to those with sensitive ears.
- Sly wordplay, self-deprecation, and old-fashioned puns and double-entendres are designed to lighten the mood at festivals and provide a laugh, while paying homage to centuries of culture.